This handbook is a guide for the clinician caring for HIV-infected children. It presents practical strategies for the diagnosis and treatment of HIV and HIV-associated opportunistic infections and addresses the medical, social and legal problems encountered in the care of these children. Coverage includes brief explanations of the specialized diagnostic tests used to monitor HIV patients and outlines of typical follow-up schedules. Also included are chapters on prophylaxis for opportunistic infections, emergency care, adolescents and HIV, nutritional support, and nuerodevelopmental function and assessment. The text also covers strategies for maximizing the effectiveness of antiretroviral therapy and managing HIV-assoicated organ system disorders, neoplasms, and opportunistic infections.